Objects of curiosity and fascination since ancient times, the constellations are at the heart of Van Cleef & Arpels’ Poetic Astronomy. Sensitive to their evocative power, the Maison celebrates both their symbolism and the representations to which it has given rise over the years. Inspired by various eras, these two creations reflect the way in which mankind’s view of the heavens has evolved in line with its beliefs and discoveries.
Dedicated to the Northern hemisphere, the Midnight Nuit Boréale model is principally inspired by the gods and creatures of Greek mythology. The dragon alludes to the fearsome beast that Omega Replica watches over the Golden Fleece; the swan refers to Zeus’s disguise in his plan to seduce Leda; the female figure represents the proud and beautiful Cassiopeia, imprisoned on her throne. Lastly, legend has it that the Great Bear and the Little Bear evoke the nymph Callisto – transformed by Hera – and her son Arcas.
Devoted to the Southern hemisphere, the Midnight Nuit Australe model pays homage to the observations of scientists and explorers from the 16th to the 18th centuries. While the Swordfish and Toucan constellations are inspired by the depictions of the Amsterdam astronomer and cartographer Petrus Plancius, the Telescope and Argo constellations – the latter including Carina (the keel), Puppis (the poop deck) and Vela (the sails) – refer to the work of the French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille.
These two Extraordinary Dials timepieces are decorated using the grisaille enameling technique, revived by Van Cleef & Arpels for its Lady Arpels Pont des Amoureux model. Today, this rare process is applied to evoking maps of the sky and their astonishing constellations. Developed in Limoges in the 16th century, grisaille enamel offers a means of creating dramatic plays of light and shadow using only two shades of enamel. For the first firing, the background is coated with a very dark layer of enamel and filed to perfect smoothness. Using a brush or fine needle, he then draws in the scenery – passing successively from the lightest to the darkest areas – using a finely ground white powdered enamel known as ‘‘Blanc de Limoges’’. Over successive firings – some thirty in all for these pieces – subtle gradations appear, bathing the dial in a mysterious nocturnal glow.
The various stages of enameling call for about 70 hours of work on each of these dials. The Maison has recently introduced a new technique that enables it to be embellished with small stars, composed of carefully polished dots of yellow gold.
The story continues beyond the dial with an engraving on the back of the case: Polaris, the brightest star of the Little Bear, for the Midnight Nuit Boréale Breitling Replica watches and Acrux, the brightest star in the Southern Cross constellation, for the Midnight Nuit Australe model. To underline the exceptional character of these limited editions of 22 pieces, a cabinet adorned with sycamore and mother-of-pearl marquetry has been specially created to house both creations inside a prestigious case.